Ranthambore National Park is one of the biggest national parks in northern India. It is situated 14km away from Sawai Madhopur district and about 180km away from Jaipur of southeastern Rajasthan in India. Being considered as one of the best place to view the powerful impressive vultures Indian Tiger in the jungle. Ranthambore National Park is leading wildlife tourist attraction and have pulled attention of various wildlife lovers and photographers. Ranthambore National park is enclosed by the Vindhyas and Aravalis hill range and Ranthambore Tiger Reserve extended over an area of approx 1410.64 sq.km including core and buffer area.
The botany of the Ranthambore is tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn type due to its hilly path, water is confined from narrow valleys and some lakes. There are various lakes in the park which are known as Padam Talab, Raj Bagh Talab and Malik Talab. Ranthambore National Park is probably the best place in the world to see wild Indian tigers in its only dry deciduous natural home ground. Tigers can be easily dappled even during the day time. Ranthambore is also known for renowned heritage site due to ruins and Fort. It is a home for various species of animals and birds.
Ranthambore is well known for its large tiger population. As park tourism and the population of neighboring villages increased, there were more frequent deadly human-tiger interactions.The Indian government started Project Tiger in 1973 and assigned an area of 60miles of the park as a tiger sanctuary. This area later enlarged to become what is now the Ranthambore National Park.
In 2005, there were 26 tigers living in the park. This was comparatively lower than the recorded tiger population of the reserve in 1982. According to non-government sources there were 34 adult tigers in the Ranthambore National Park in 2008, and more than 14 cubs. This increase was attributed largely to sustained efforts by forest officials to curb illegal hunts. Villagers in the region were being given incentives to stay out of the park.
They were lucky enough to make Ranthambore eligible to participate in the Sariska Tiger Reserve relocation program.
During the past few years, there has been a decrease in the tiger population in Ranthambore due to illegal hunt and other reasons.
A tigress known as “Lady of the Lakes” was separated from her parents at a very young age because of illegal hunt. The young tigress was named Machli after the mark on her body that looks like a fish. She gave birth to three female cubs, one being named as ‘Machli – The Junior’.
According to the 2014 census of tigers, there were 62 tigers in Ranthambore National Park. The number of tigers was 48 in 2013 and 25 in 2005. Due to the recent increase in the number of tigers, the park is planning to transfer a few to other parks, such as Sariska and others.
By Air:-The closest airport to reach Ranthambore National Park is Sanganer Airport in Jaipur. The distance between Jaipur and Ranthambore is about 180 km and there are regular flights for Jaipur from all the major cities including, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, etc. The tourists can book direct taxi or bus from Sanganer Airport to reach Ranthambore safely.
By Rail:-The nearest railway station that connects Ranthambore National Park to other important cities is Sawai Madhopur Railway Station, which is located at a distance of 10 km from the park. The tourists can avail local bus, taxi, or cab to reach the Ranthambore park smoothly.
By Road:-Ranthambore is well connected with all the top cities and small town via bus service. It can be reached by private buses and taxis also. Jaipur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, and Jodhpur can be easily traveled from Ranthambore.